Can Rabbits Eat Lettuce?

Rabbit diets contain unlimited hay, water, and a moderate amount of veggies and fruits. Like all other vegetables, people have the misconception about whether they should feed lettuce to their bunnies. 

Yes, lettuce is safe for bunnies. But all the lettuce types are not safe for rabbits. Romaine lettuce and lamb’s lettuce are the safest options for the rabbit. Iceberg lettuce is toxic for rabbits because it contains high amounts of lactucarium. Butterhead lettuce is safe though it contains a high amount of acid. 

However, when you feed the safest lettuce to your bunny, moderation is the key. Don’t overfeed lettuce to your bunny. 

In the rest of the articles, I will cover everything about lettuce. So, stay tuned to learn the pros and cons of feeding lettuce to your bunny. 

Do Rabbit Like Lettuce? 

Yes, most domestic rabbits love lettuce insanely. Lettuce contains a higher amount of water and nutrition. So, lettuce is a good source of nutrition for your bunny. 

Apart from high amounts of water and nutrition, lettuce contains lactucarium which is known as rabbit opium. It looks like white fluid. Although it is natural, excessive ingestion may result in diarrhea. You know diarrhea is a very warning sign for the bunny. Even it may cause death. 

Is Lettuce Good for Rabbits?

Although there is a chance of diarrhea from overeating lettuce, you could feed lettuce to your bunny once or twice a week in a moderate amount. Lettuce contains a high amount of nutrition. It will bring variation in their diet. 

Let’s have a look at the nutrition compound of lettuce. 

ComponentsRomaine lettuceIceberg Lettuce
Water93.47 g95.64 g
Calories8 calories10 calories
Carbohydrates1.5 g2 grams
Fiber1 g1 gram
Protein0.6 g1 gram
Fat0.1 g0 grams

Source: WebMD

What is the best lettuce for rabbits?

There are around 18 types of lettuce used for making salads all around the world. Among them, these types of lettuce are safe for rabbits. 

  • Romaine lettuce 
  • Lamb’s lettuce
  • Butterhead lettuce 
  • Green or red leaf lettuce
Romaine lettuce
Romaine lettuce

Can Rabbits Eat Romaine or Cos Lettuce?

Yes, rabbits can eat the Romaine lettuce. Romaine lettuces are also known as the Cos lettuce. It contains a higher amount of water. And this type of lettuce is suitable for the bunny. You could provide a moderate amount of Romaine lettuce to your bunny once a week. Don’t provide the whole lettuce. You could shred the lettuce and provide a cup of lettuce to your bunny. 

Can Rabbits Eat Iceberg Lettuce?

Iceberg lettuce is not safe for rabbits as it contains a higher amount of water and lactucarium. Lactucarium may cause diarrhea although it is a natural element. For maximum safety, you should not add Iceberg lettuce to your bunny. However, iceberg lettuce doesn’t contain a higher amount of nutrition. 

Can Rabbits Eat Green Leaf or Red Leaf Lettuce?

Among all the lettuce types, leafy lettuce is best for rabbits. Green leaf lettuce contains a higher amount of nutrition including carbohydrates. Also, rabbits love this type very much. 

Since leafy lettuce contains a high calcium content, you should not overfeed them. You could provide a cup of leafy lettuce once or twice a week. 

Related Article

Can Rabbits Eat Red Leaf or Lollo rosso Lettuce?

Yes, like green leaf lettuce, lollo rosso or red leaf lettuce is safe for the bunny. Since it contains a higher amount of water, you should not provide a lot of red-leaf lettuce to your bunny. 

iceberg lettuce
Iceberg lettuce

Can Rabbits Eat Butterhead or Oak Leaf Lettuce?

Butterhead lettuce contains higher acidic components than other lettuce. But the taste of Butterhead lettuce is sweet and smooth. So, the bunny loves Butterhead lettuce insanely. So, you could provide the butterhead lettuce to your bunny in a moderate amount once or twice a week. Anyway, Oak leaf lettuce is one kind of butter lettuce. So, Oak leaf lettuce is safe for rabbits.  

Can Lettuce Be Bad for Rabbits?

Yes, lettuce can be bad for the rabbit in case of overfeeding or providing the wrong types like Iceberg lettuce. Iceberg lettuce is good for burgers, but not idle for the rabbits. Excessive ingestion may result in diarrhea. So you should be aware of overfeeding lettuce to your bunny. 

Can a Rabbit Eat Lettuce Stalks or Stems?

Only lettuce leaves are recommended for the rabbit. Because the stalks or stems don’t contain a significant amount of calories and nutrition. More importantly, it contains lactucarium. So, you should avoid the stalks or stems to feed your bunny. 

How Much Lettuce Should I Feed My Rabbit?

You could provide a cup of shredded lettuce leaves once or twice a week to your rabbit. Lettuce is not essential for rabbits. The purpose of providing these sorts of supplementary vegetables is to bring diversion to their regular diet. 

How to Introduce Lettuce to Your Rabbit’s Diet?

It’s pretty simple to introduce lettuce to rabbits’ diet. In the beginning, your bunny may not want to eat the lettuce. In this case, you could provide lettuce with other rabbit-safe vegetables. 

However, at first, provide a small amount of shredded lettuce. And monitor your bunny if it shows any unusual behavior. 

Final Thoughts 

The answer is yes, rabbits can eat certain types of lettuce in moderation. Romaine, red leaf, and green leaf lettuces are all safe options that provide rabbits with nutrients like vitamins A and K. Iceberg lettuce, on the other hand, has less nutritional value and too much can cause diarrhea in rabbits. When feeding lettuce, introduce new types slowly and stick to 1-2 leaves daily. Be sure to wash all lettuce to remove pesticides. Overall, lettuce can be a healthy part of a balanced rabbit diet when fed properly. Other veggies, hay, pellets, and fresh water should comprise the bulk of what rabbits eat.


Alex is a full-time rabbit lover and part-time Biologist. He is a proud parent of two rabbits. It's his childhood dream to rescue endangered animals and make the world better for living.

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